CBT for Depression
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) has been established as a treatment of choice for depression. It has a strong evidence-base in improving outcome in depression, either alone or in combination with antidepressant medication. NICE (National Institute of Clinical Excellence) guidelines in the UK have recommended CBT ahead of medication for mild depression.
In the UK IAPT (Improving access to Psychological Therapies) aims to focus CBT, as an evidence-based practice, specifically for the treatment of depression and anxiety disorders. In Ireland there is a shortage of professionally trained CBT. Therefore it is important that those seeking CBT make sure that their therapist is adequately trained.
The cognitive theory and model of depression gives a powerful and coherent structure for clinicians and patients to understand the experience of depression. CBT offers those who suffer from depression to become more informed in making choices about their treatment and to opt for a non-medical intervention.